The Chinese severalty act was passed in 1882 by the US government to prohibit the migration and settlement of Chinese laborers into the United States; the laborers were viewed as a treat by the Chinese government for they would over work at little wage payment (Riley, 75). The Dawes severalty act also known as the General Allotment Act was passed in 1887 with an aim of encouraging American Indian to adopt the American way of life and give up the communal practices by partitioning their land to encourage individual practice; those who accepted the individual land allocation were entitled to the United States citizenship.

Both the Chinese severalty act and the Dawes severalty act were based on racism, it mainly focused on undermining the writes of the individuals from a different racial background (Chinese or the American Indians) (De León, 45). The two acts also had an economic motive as they used the racial justification to deny land and jobs in the benefit of American citizens as the surplus land left after the partition was given to American citizens, the foreigners who gained citizenship were also not allowed to send revenue or visit their families back in their mother land ensuring that resources made in US soil benefit only the citizens of that land.

Infringement of other citizens right by the US made it a very powerful nation, its economy was boosted through the little pay and greater returns reflected through the construction of the railway, it also retained its culture and independence through the two acts (De León, 45).