The term “Imperialism” refers to the extension lead of the domination of one country over others by economic compulsion, political compulsion or military conquest or a combination of the three elements. The term is derived from Imperium, a Roman notion connoting the ascendancy brought by means of conquest, imperialism is in effect a form of extensive political organization that is as old as documented history (Brown and Ainley, 2009). All imperialism involves a fundamental political inequality both regarding formal institutional organization and territorial expanse between the imperial entity and its various subject countries.

Hans J. Morgenthau comprehensively defines imperialism as a strategic national foreign policy designed to accrue more power than the state itself. It achieves such through reversing the existing power relations or correctly defined as the favorable alteration in power status. As a national foreign policy, imperialism is comparable to the foreign policy of prestige and ‘status quo’ foreign policy (Baylis et al., 2013). The imperialism policy adopts the perspective of classical realist theory in analyzing agendas at the element level in international relations. Additionally, imperialism is founded on a ‘balance-of-power’ concept in international relations.

Morgenthau also outlines three forms of imperialism as; the liberal theory of imperialism that is as a result of maladjustments occurring in the global capitalist structure, for instance surplus of capital and goods which ultimately seeks for an outlet in foreign markets (Morgenthau, 2014); the Marxist imperialism theory which respites on the basis that all political portents are a replication of economic forces; and lastly, “devil” theory of imperialism which purports that bankers and manufacturers consciously plan for wars with an aim of enriching themselves (Morgenthau, 2014).