The Japanese Culture identity remains a very complex aspect of understanding for many historians. It is because it had developed its identity by originating at the outskirts of China i.e. a rich civilization on its own. Japan had remained a self-centered country to the western world because it did have its own domestic models to run its affairs. However, as per the exposure of the Japanese people with the western culture, evolution of popular culture was observed in Japan during and after the era of Tokugawa shogunate.

Herein, it should be noted that the Tokugawa shogunate is remembered as the most important phase in the history of Japanese culture because it was the last military governance that rules Japan. In particular, the work that was written during the Tokugawa shogunate is considered as popular culture that majorly off tracked the ritually grown identity of the Japanese culture. For instance, the plays of Manga, Anime etc. are all expressive of the ideas of other cultures. As a matter of fact, the popular culture during the Tokugawa shogunate is termed to be a rebellious context of Japanese culture that demanded a coexistence of various other beliefs (Hirano, 2013).

Talking about the popular culture of the modern time, performing arts, food, sports, and literature are all majorly influence by other cultures as Japan had taken up the lead of globalization after World War II. Therefore, it can be concluded that the contradictions between popular Japanese culture and Japanese culture identity was in terms of literature, expression through artistic mediums, performing arts, clothes and amalgamation of language by large.