A bias exists in leadership roles as assumed by men and women in political and corporate scopes. Men dominate leadership roles, a phenomenon that suggests superiority of men over women. A study on leadership positions in the United States shows that more that men occupy 80 percent of corporate leadership positions and the percentage is higher in Europe. The society’s perception of leadership roles by gender and applied approaches to achieving gender balance in leadership are the main reasons why med dominate leadership positions. The gender imbalance has been perceived as a diversity problem, considering women as a marginalized population. The perception is however, unrealistic because women forms a significant percentage of the labor force and are key decision makers on commodity purchases. Their role in decision-making means their capacity that should be reflected in leadership roles, but this is not the case. In an attempt to bridge the leadership imbalance, by gender, efforts have been made to mould women into masculine features. This has, however not been successful because when women develop such characteristics, their leadership receives criticism instead of being appreciated (McCullough 1).

Identifying the problem with the society’s perception and the weak approach that has been applied is consistent with existing literature that women are as competent leaders as are men. Abu-Tineh (1) reported insignificant leadership effectives between men and women in educational institutions. The society’s perception that esteems men over women is the reason for male dominance in leadership roles, and not leadership effectiveness by gender.