Section A

Lifestyle change and social support are preventive strategies that can delay the onset of the chronic diseases in the elderly. Notably, practicing lifestyles such healthy eating the right diet, exercising, smoking cessation, and reducing alcohol consumption can prevent the onset of cancers, diabetes, and coronary heart diseases in aging population. The elderly should choose wisely on what and how much to eat because consumption of particular food increases the risk of contracting diabetes and heart disease. Physical activity helps in maintaining healthy body weight and increases energy levels, resulting in quality life for the aged people (Nunan et al 2049). Smoking and alcohol consumption poses the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, and cessation is a crucial step in preventing the onset. In addition to a healthy lifestyle, social support can reduce the development of terminal diseases in the elderly. Social isolation affects the wellbeing of the elderly people, and support can reduce impairment of health associated with loneliness (Steptoe et al 5799). Hence, it is significant to increase social networks by keeping the elderly within the family setting. Constant communication with the elderly will lower the health risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and cognitive deterioration.

Section B

Physical activity is a viable preventive option that can reduce the risk of developing the chronic diseases in the elderly. The intervention is simple, tailored to individuals, and can prevent conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Indeed, physical activity can aid in blunting the social and economic implications of the terminal illness. Thus, the aging population should exercise to live lives free of chronic diseases.