One of the most common pathogen that can cause a foodborne illness is Salmonella. Salmonella is a bacteria that makes people sick.  The sickness associated to Salmonella is Salmonellosis that could result from mild diarrheal illness to severe gastroenteritis.  This bacteria could be found in raw, lightly and undercooked foods.  It could also be present in unhygienic environment.  According to CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), Salmonella causes one million illness in the US which includes death.  The symptoms of ingesting the pathogen includes having diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps after the infection.  The incubation period is about 12 to 72 hours and the duration of this pathogen lasts from four to seven days and most persons can recover even without treatment (CDC, nd).  In severe cases however, salmonella could cause death and would require an antibiotic for treatment.

Salmonella can be prevented by avoiding eating high-risk foods which includes raw, lightly or undercooked foods, poultry and milk.  It is because salmonella bacteria can be killed by heat.  Salmonella could also be prevented by properly refrigerating food before eating.  The practice of good hygiene such as washing hands with soap and water before handling food could prevent from contracting the disease.  Cooking in a safe and hygienic environment can also prevent salmonella (www.foodsafety.gov).

In sum, Salmonella is foodborne illness caused by unhygienic eating practice as well as undercooking foods.  It could be prevented by practicing good and hygiene and cooking foods properly as the bacteria do not thrive on a clean environment and could be easily killed by heat.