The content brings forth several ideas intended for various functions. However, the main idea of the content is the conquest of the town of Cempoala and the conversion of its inhabitants from idol worship to Christianity. The creation of an altar, the cross and the establishment of Virgin Mary’s image preserves the main idea of the content. Further, the main idea is preserved by the baptismal of the eight Indian females and performance of mass. The creation of an altar provides the Indians with a holy place of worshipping the Lord. Further, the establishment of Virgin Mary’s image provides the Indians with a symbol of intercession and protection. Research reveals that the 1519-1521 Spanish Conquest of Mexico City led to the destruction of mother goddess Tonantzin temple in Tepeyac (Santillan, 2009). Following the conquest, Spaniards constructed a chapel devoted to Virgin Mary. However, converted Indians continued to travel long distances to worship in the temple and often referred to Virgin Mary as Tonantzin.

The contents of the primary source intend to reach readers aiming at unveiling the true history of the conquest of New Spain. The contents of the primary source have some element of biases given that the writer, Bernal was a conquistador under Cortes in the Spanish invasion of Mexico (Santillan, 2009). In the end, the content urges readers to disregard other versions of the Spanish conquest of Mexico provided by Gomara and other historians claiming that they are nonsense. Consequently, the reliability of the primary source is highly questionable given the writer’s position that would highly lead to biases; hence, presenting the possibility of the content having a hidden agenda. In conclusion, the primary source significantly contributes to one’s understanding of the historical background of the Virgin of Guadalupe, which is one of the most globally adored pilgrimage sites of the Catholic religion.